PHOENIX - With a push from the NFL, all 50 states and the District of Columbia passed youth concussion laws over the span of about five years. Kevin Byard Jersey .They were modeled after legislation passed in Washington state in 2009. But an Associated Press analysis shows just 21 of the laws that followed included all four key elements in Washingtons bill.Washington state is the gold standard, said Peter Carfagna, the founder of a sports marketing company and a teacher at Harvard Law School. I have a hard time thinking of a good reason why youd deviate from it.Heres an explanation of why those basic tenets are considered important:IMMEDIATELY REMOVING ATHLETE SUSPECTED OF HAVING A CONCUSSIONThis is the most rudimentary of the provisions, and yet its not mandated by two states, Illinois and Wyoming.Immediately leaving a game or practice is important because a person is at increased risk for a second, more dangerous, concussion while the brain is still healing from one.One and youre out. No same-day return, said Richard Ellenbogen, co-chairman of the NFLs head, neck and spine committee. Anybody suspected — the key word is suspected — of having a concussion, (is) pulled out.Arizona and South Carolina allow a player to return the same day if cleared by a doctor whos present.EDUCATING COACHESAs news about head injuries connected to sports has spread, its become easier to drive home the importance of recognizing symptoms so a coach, for example, knows when to send a player to the sideline.Awareness has risen, and were evaluating more students for concussions than ever, said Cynthia Clivio, a high school athletic trainer for the private Kamehameha Schools in Hawaii. Part of it is, our coaches are more educated.New Yorks law, for example, says schools coaches, gym teachers, nurses and athletic trainers must take a course that covers how to recognize, treat and monitor students concussions.INFORMATION FORM SIGNED BY ATHLETE AND PARENTPart of the process of increasing awareness is making athletes and parents aware of the dangers of concussions — and of the dangers of continuing to play or practice when suspected of getting a concussion.Dr. Dawn Comstock, who is studying the laws effectiveness as part of a project funded by the Centers for Disease Control, called those forms an important part of the overall education piece.WRITTEN CLEARANCE BY A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER WITH CONCUSSION TRAININGThe more specific this part of a law, the lower the chances an athlete will return to action before its safe.This element of the laws was the least consistent. Only 30 states other than Washington contain both elements — that the clearance be in writing, and that it come from a health care provider with concussion training.That language was very carefully chosen, said Jay Rodne, the Republican who sponsored the law in Washington state. We wanted to make sure ... a school district could not just have an uncertified or unlicensed athletic trainer who was given the title athletic trainer but had no certification or no credentials to clear an athlete.Rodne, along with academics who tracked the laws, said advocacy groups for various types of health care providers tried to influence decisions on who would be allowed to clear athletes.As for requiring something in writing, Harvards Carfagna said: Without having something in writing to establish who gave the clearance, theres a better chance it could be someone unqualified. Theres no fingerprint.EVEN LAWS THAT MEET ALL FOUR STANDARDS ARENT AS STRONG AS THEY COULD BERodne said enforcement mechanisms were too costly to get approved.In Oklahoma last year, a bill that failed would have suspended athletic trainers, coaches or referees who allow an athlete with a concussion to return to action later that day.Other attempted improvements were rejected, too. In Massachusetts, for example, baseline concussion testing for all high school athletes — to allow someone treating them to better gauge whether they have a head injury — was considered in 2013. In Maryland, a 2014 bill would have made players on one high school football team per county wear concussion impact sensors to track brain injuries.Our work is not done. Its not even close to being done, Ellenbogen said. Were changing the culture, but weve got to reach all Americans.___Follow AP Pro Football Writer Howard Fendrich on Twitter at http://twitter.com/HowardFendrichFollow AP National Writer Eddie Pells on Twitter at http://twitter.com/epells___Online:AP NFL website: www.pro32.ap.org and AP NFL Twitter feed: http://twitter.com/AP_NFL Eric Decker Jersey . -- Detroit shortstop Jose Iglesias says he has stress fractures in both legs and isnt sure when hell be able to play again, leaving the Tigers two weeks to fill his spot for opening day and perhaps a lot longer. Jurrell Casey Jersey . It was my fifth straight year attending and, as always, there are many interesting matters discussed as it pertains to the use of statistics in sports. http://www.thetitansfansclub.com/ . Jamies number grades given are out of five, with five being the best mark. Henrik Lundqvist, New York Rangers (5) - Simply put, Lundqvist was brilliant.The Kansas City Royals try to take a commanding two games to none lead in the American League Championship Series on Saturday when they play Game 2 against the Baltimore Orioles at Camden Yards. Kansas City became the first team in baseball history to win four extra-inning games in a single postseason on Friday, as Alex Gordon crushed a leadoff homer in the 10th and Mike Moustakas added the deciding two-run blast in the Royals 8-6 win. We just find ways to win ballgames, Yost said. These guys will find a way to get it done. The Royals, who won just five extra-inning contests during the regular season, had led, 4-0, and, 5-1, only to see the Orioles rally. Baltimore also worked itself out of a bases-loaded jam in the ninth. I was proud with the way our guys battled back, especially with (James) Shields out there, Orioles manager Buck Showalter said. Gordon broke a 5-5 tie when he turned on a Darren ODay fastball and sent a screaming line drive into the right-field seats for his first career postseason home run. Brian Matusz relieved ODay and served up Moustakas third round-tripper of the postseason, which proved vital after Greg Holland gave up a run in Baltimores last at-bat. We know were capable of hitting home runs, said Gordon, who also added a three-run double. We didnt do it during the regular season. But it doesnt really matter. This is the postseason and were starting to swing the bats better now. Kansas City, which has won eight straight playoff games, beat the Oakland Athletics in extra innings to win the wild card before beating the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim in extras in the first two games of the ALDS. The Royals hit the fewest amount of home runs in the majors this season with 95, but have hit seven tthis postseason. Jonnu Smith Jersey. Were proving people wrong, the Royals Eric Hosmer said. No one thinks we can do this. Its a bunch of guys in here who want to prove people wrong, and were having fun doing it. Now, the Royals will turn to rookie right-hander Yordano Ventura. We like the fact that hes got overpowering stuff, Kansas City manager Ned Yost said. He pitched two extremely good games against Baltimore this year, and hes throwing the ball well right now. Ventura struck out 17 batters while giving up only two runs in 14 1/3 innings in two starts (1-1) against the Orioles over the first two months of the season. The 23-year-old hurler was nearly the goat of the Royals wild card win over Oakland, as he surrendered a go-ahead three-run homer to Brandon Moss in relief, but bounced back to deliver seven innings of one-run ball in KCs Game 2 win over the Angels in the ALDS. Im always ready, Ventura said through his interpreter, teammate Jeremy Guthrie. Ill always be as prepared as I can and be aggressive whenever they give me the ball. He was 14-10 on the year with a 3.20 ERA. Baltimore, meanwhile, will turn to righty Bud Norris, who threw 6 1/3 scoreless innings in the Os clincher over the Tigers and is 5-0 since the start of September. Im excited to get another opportunity to go out there and do what I do, because these guys have been here all year cheering us on, Norris said. Theyve been outstanding. To get this far is great. I know theyre going to be pretty excited and loud tomorrow, too. Norris was also 8-2 with a 2.44 ERA at home this season. He was 15-8 with a 3.65 ERA overall on the season. The Royals won four of seven from the Orioles during the regular season, outscoring Baltimore 26-18. Cheap NFL Jerseys Wholesale Jerseys Wholesale NFL Jerseys Jerseys From China Wholesale NFL Jerseys Cheap NFL Jerseys Cheap Jerseys ' ' '